Domain Spoofing: How Bad Actors Gain a Foothold

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What is Domain Spoofing?

Domain spoofing is a type of cyber-attack in which the attacker impersonates a legitimate domain to trick users into believing they are interacting with a trustworthy website. This can be done in several ways, such as creating a fake website that closely resembles a legitimate one or using a similar-looking domain name to deceive users. 

The goal of domain spoofing is to gain the user’s trust and steal sensitive information, such as login credentials or financial data. It is important for users to be aware of this threat and take steps to protect themselves, such as by checking the legitimacy of a website before entering sensitive information.

How Does Domain Spoofing Work?

Domain spoofing is typically done by registering a domain name that is similar to the legitimate website, but with a slightly different spelling or with a different top-level domain (e.g. using “.com” instead of “.org”). The attacker will then use this spoofed domain to send phishing emails or create fake websites that are designed to trick people into giving away sensitive information, such as their login credentials or financial information.

Types of Domain Spoofing Attacks

Some common types of domain spoofing attacks include:


This is a type of domain spoofing attack in which the attacker registers a domain name that is similar to a legitimate one, but with a slight variation, such as a misspelled word or a different top-level domain (TLD). For example, if the legitimate domain is “,” the attacker might register “” or “”

URL spoofing:

This is a type of domain spoofing attack in which the attacker creates a fake website that looks identical to the legitimate one. The fake website may have a different URL, but it will often use visual elements, such as logos and branding, to make it appear legitimate.

An example of URL spoofing is when an attacker uses a shortened link to hide the true destination of a URL. This can be done through a service like or TinyURL. When a user clicks on a shortened link, they are redirected to the attacker’s website without realizing it. 

Email spoofing:

This is a type of domain spoofing attack in which the attacker forges the sender’s address in an email message. This can be done using various techniques, such as modifying the “From” field in the email header or using a domain name that is similar to the legitimate one.

One example of email spoofing is when a spammer sends out a large number of emails that appear to be from a legitimate company, such as a bank or online retailer. The emails may contain links to fake websites that are designed to steal the recipient’s login credentials or credit card information.

Another example of email spoofing is when an attacker targets a specific individual, such as a company executive or government official. The attacker may send an email that appears to be from a trusted colleague or supervisor, with a request for sensitive information or a link to download malware.

How to Stop Domain Spoofing

To prevent domain spoofing, it is important to take the following steps:

  • Use strong and unique passwords for all of your online accounts, including your domain name registrar account and any hosting accounts associated with your website.
  • Enable two-factor authentication (2FA) for your online accounts. This adds an extra layer of security by requiring you to enter a one-time code in addition to your password.
  • Regularly monitor your domain name DNS settings and website traffic to ensure that they are not being altered without your knowledge.
  • Keep your website software and security protocols up to date, as this can help prevent attackers from exploiting vulnerabilities to gain access to your domain.
  • Use a reputable domain name registrar and hosting provider that has robust security measures in place to protect against domain spoofing.
  • Consider implementing Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting, and Conformance (DMARC) for your domain. DMARC is an email authentication protocol that helps prevent domain spoofing by verifying the sender of an email and ensuring that it matches the domain name.
  • Use a web application firewall (WAF) to protect your website and DNS settings from being accessed by unauthorized users.
  • Educate your employees and users on the risks of domain spoofing and how to identify fake websites.
  • Consider purchasing additional security services, such as domain monitoring, to protect your domain name from being hijacked.

How Bolster Can Help

Bolster offers the most comprehensive and complete Domain Monitoring solution on the market. We have:

  • the industry’s most extensive typosquat detection and monitoring capabilities (3,000+ TLDs)
  • full lifecycle monitoring from pre-weaponization through to post-weaponization takedown and removal
  • built-in defensive domain acquisition functionality.

Check out our solution here.

Domain spoofing is a serious threat to the security of your website and online presence. By taking the necessary steps to prevent domain spoofing, you can protect your website and ensure the safety of your users.

Domain spoofing protection offers businesses a way to monitor and safeguard their domain from being spoofed. Brands often work with more than one domain which requires a protection plan that is capable of safeguarding entire domain portfolios. Overall, a domain spoofing protection solution enables brands to control and enforce their domain portfolios on a broad scale.

Also known as domain monitoring software, a good domain monitoring service leverages AI and automation to identify thousands of typosquatting variations and continuously monitors threat level conditions and domain name availability.

To see Bolster’s domain spoofing detection in action, request a free demo.